The mummy of King Tut was directly covered by his fabulous golden death mask. The coffins are described as Anthropoid meaning man-shaped. The term anthropoid coffin is therefore used for coffins made in the shape of a human.
King Tut Coffin - The Series of Golden Coffins
The golden series of the first two anthropoid coffins, shaped as a human, were made of gilded wood and decorated with beautiful faience. The faience used by the Ancient Egyptians was a strong greenish blue glass-like material, consisting of crushed quartz, lime and alkali. The gilded wood consisted of cedar and some oak. Gilding was used by the Ancient Egyptians to achieve a wonderful golden appearance. The base wood was covered with a thin sheet of gold, a thicker than normal gold foil of sheeting was used for the coffin layers of Tutankhamun. The final coffin was made of solid gold which housed the mummy of King Tut and his fabulous golden death mask.
King Tut Coffin - Description of the Golden Coffins
The anthropoid coffins were nested inside the red granite sarcophagus which measured approximately 9 feet high by 5 feet wide and 9 feet long. The covers of each King Tut coffin were fastened by ten silver strips kept in place with silver nails. The final coffin was made of solid gold. A description of each King Tut coffin is as follows:
- The first gilded wood anthropoid coffin of Tutankhamun measures 7 feet 3 inches, or 2.24 metres in length
- The second gilded wood coffin is sometimes referred to as the intermediate coffin and measures 6 feet 7 inches, or 2.04 metres, in length
- The solid gold coffin of King Tut measures 6 feet 1 inches, or 1.88 metres, in length and weighs a massive 243lbs or 110.4 kilos. Just the raw weight of the gold alone is currently worth about 2 million dollars
- The solid gold coffin was fitted with handles
- It was attached to the base by four gold tongues on each side
- The tongues dropped into sockets in the shell of the coffin and fixed with golden pins
King Tut Coffin - Description of the Anthropoid Coffins
Tutankhamun is represented on the man-shaped coffins in imitation of the god Osiris wearing the traditional false beard and the headdress of the pharaoh called the nemes. The nemes was a striped head cloth worn tight across the forehead with lappets falling forward over each shoulder. The top of the nemes displays the uraeus (rearing cobra emblem) and the vulture on the brow which were emblems of the deities Wadjet and Nekhbet of Upper and Lower Egypt. Both arms are folded as the sign of the King of Egypt and he holds the royal insignia of the crook and the flail in each hand. The body was engraved with feathers and the figures Isis and Nephthys together with the figures of Nekhebet and Buto, emblems of upper and lower Egypt. The inlay of the coffin was of semi precious stones. There was also a detachable necklace made of gold and faience.
King Tut Coffin
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