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Short Biography, Information & Facts about Horemheb, the famous pharaoh and king of Egypt

Biography, Facts and information about the life of a Pharaoh
The term pharaoh was the title of an ancient Egyptian king who was considered to be a living god and worshipped as a deity. The pharaoh was an absolute ruler of Egypt, both the political and religious leader. 

Short Biography of the life of Horemheb
The history, facts and information about Horemheb, a famous pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.

The following biography information provides basic facts about the life Horemheb:

  • Horemheb was also known as Horemheb Meryamun meaning Horus is in Jubilation, Beloved of Amun
  • Alternative spellings of the name: Horemhab or Haremhab
  • Other names: Djeserkheperure Setepenre
  • Egyptian Period / Kingdom: New Kingdom
  • Dynasty: Horemheb ruled in the Eighteenth Egyptian Dynasty
  • Name of Previous Pharaoh: Ay (Kheperkheprure Ay) 1325 BC -1321 BC

  • Years of Reign: 1321 BC -1292 BC
  • Succeeded by: Ramses I 1292  BC 1290 BC
  • Family
    • Father: His father was an unknown nobleman
    • Mother: The name of his mother was also unknown
    • Chief Wife: His chief wife and consort was Queen Mutnedjmet, a daughter of Ay. Another known wife was Amenia
    • Children: None
  • Year of Death: 1290 BC
  • Location of the Burial Site: Valley of the Kings
  • Tomb reference number: KV57
  • Name of Egyptologist who discovered the burial site, or tomb, of Horemheb: Edward Ayrton in 1908
  • Biography and accomplishments: Little is known about the family of Horemheb, the last king of the eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egyptian kings. Horemheb came into prominence as a soldier, statesman and diplomat towards the end of the reign of Amenhotep III (1389 BC -1351 BC) who reigned from the capital at Thebes. He then served Akhenaten the heretic King (1351 BC -1337 BC) who renounced the old religion and moved everyone from Thebes to his new city of Armana dedicated to then new and only god, the Aten. Horemheb was the Commander-in-chief of Akhenaten's army. He then became the trusted advisor and general of the boy king Tutankhamun and played a significant role in restoring the old religion and order, demolishing the new city of Armana and returning to the traditional capital at Thebes. During the reign of Tutankhamun (1334 BC -1325 BC) Horemheb was designated as the Boy King's "Deputy" and was the officially recognised as heir to Tutankhamun. The boy king Tutankhamun died young but Ay, the Grand Vizier of Tutankhamun, became Pharaoh and reigned for 4 years between 1325 BC -1321 BC. When Ay died Horemheb at last became Pharaoh of Egypt
  • Why Horemheb was famous: Following the chaos caused by the heretic King Akhenaten he restored the established order in Egypt with his Great Edict, or code of laws and the eradication of all traces of the heretic religion. The Great Edict was harsh ensuring that all grain and food was taxed and accounted for. Punishments for breaking the Great Edict laws included exile and having the nose cut off. Horemheb made every attempt to wipe out the names of the Pharaohs associated with Akhenaten, the worship of the Aten and the city of Amarna. Horemheb had the names of Akhenaten, Nefertiti, Ay and to a lesser extent Tutankhamun publically condemned and removed from Ancient Egyptian records and history. Their names were struck from royal lists and their tombs and monuments were usurped 

Each section of this Ancient Egyptian website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Pharaohs and of Horemheb. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of the Ancient Egyptian Kings - their life, family, reign, dynasty, important dates and events and accomplishments.

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