History Embalmed


Short Biography, Information & Facts about Cleopatra, the famous pharaoh and king of Egypt
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Biography, Facts and information about the life of a Pharaoh
The term pharaoh was the title of an ancient Egyptian king who was considered to be a living god and worshipped as a deity. The pharaoh was an absolute ruler of Egypt, both the political and religious leader. 

Short Biography of the life of Cleopatra
The history, facts and information about Cleopatra, a famous pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.

The following biography information provides basic facts about the life Cleopatra:

  • Cleopatra was also known as Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator
  • Egyptian Period / Kingdom: Ptolemaic Dynasty
  • Name of Previous Pharaoh: Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (Auletes)

  • Years of Reign: 51 BC–12 August 30 BC
  • Succeeded by: Cleopatra VII was the last Queen of Egypt and the last pharaoh. Following her death, and after the Ancient Egyptian civilisation had spanned over 3000 years, Egypt became a Roman province
  • Lifespan: 69 BC– 30 BC
  • Year of Birth: 69 BC
  • Family
    • Father: Her father was Ptolemy XII
    • Mother: Her mother Cleopatra V of Egypt
    • Husbands: She was married to:
      • Ptolemy XIII
      • Julius Caesar
      • Mark Antony
    • Children: 
      • Caesarion (aka Ptolemy Caesar & also spelt Caesarian), the son of Julius Caesar, who reigned jointly with his mother and was the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt when he was killed by Octavian, who would become the Roman emperor Augustus
      • Alexander Helios & Cleopatra Selene II twins by Mark Antony. Alexander Helios died of unknown causes in Rome and Cleopatra Selene II married African King Juba II of Numidia
      • Ptolemy Philadelphus, younger son of Mark Antony by Clleopatra died of unknown causes in Rome
  • Date of Death: 12 August 30 BC
  • Biography and accomplishments or why Cleopatra was famous: Cleopatra was a direct descendant of the Greek general of Alexander the Great who became Ptolemy I Soter. All of his male successors were called Ptolemy and all of his female successors were called Cleopatra. The clever, ambitious and determined woman who was also known for her beauty. Initially she jointly ruled Egypt with Ptolemy XIII but each vied for total power. Ptolemy angered Julius Caesar by killing General Pompey. Cleopatra took advantage of this and arranged her famous meeting with Julius Caesar by being rolled into a Persian carpet and presented to the Roman in this unusual fashion. She became the mistress ( and possibly married) of Julius Caesar and gave birth to his son, Caesarion. After the assassination of Caesar Cleopatra became the mistress and then the wife of Mark Antony. This alliance ended when they lost the Battle of Actium during which Octavian invaded Egypt. Both committed suicide. The famous death of Cleopatra was from the snakebite of an asp.    

Each section of this Ancient Egyptian website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Pharaohs and of Cleopatra. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of the Ancient Egyptian Kings - their life, family, reign, dynasty, important dates and events and accomplishments.

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