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The Egyptian God Geb

  • Name: Geb
  • Gender Male: Geb was a God
  • Depiction / Description / Symbol: Geb was depicted with the body of a man and the head of a Goose
  • Jurisdiction: Geb was described as being God of Life beneath the Earth - Vegetation and the Underworld
  • Mythical Family or Relatives: Geb was believed to have descended from the Sun God Atum, Ra or Re, the Lord of Creation  who spat out the elements of moisture (the Goddess Tefnut) and air (the God Shu)The twins, Shu and Tefnut, gave birth to Geb and his sister Nut. Geb and Nut had four children: Osiris, Isis, Seth and Nephthys

Information about the Egyptian God Geb
Geb was one of the Ennead, the collective name given to the nine original deities (Gods and Goddesses) of the cosmogony of Heliopolis (the birthplace of the Gods) in the creation myths and legends. The Egyptian God, Geb, was seen as the God of Life beneath the Earth - Vegetation and the Underworld. He was seen as the God of the mountains and valleys of the Earth. He was the husband of his sister Nut.

Incest was seen as an acceptable element in the lives of the Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, retaining the sacred bloodline. Geb is one of the Egyptian Underworld Gods who are seen to watch the weighing of the heart of the deceased in the Judgement Hall of Osiris.

Description & Depiction of the Egyptian God Geb - Part Human & Part Animal
The Egyptian Gods or Goddesses, such as Geb, were often depicted as being part human and part animal. In the description of the Egyptian God Geb he / she was most frequently depicted with the body of a human and with with the head of an animal - a Goose. In the Ancient Egyptian religion certain animals were seen as sacred as they believed that the Spirit of a God resided in these animals, such as the Goose, which were revered and worshipped as reincarnated Gods during their lifetimes.

The Egyptian the God Geb - Creation and Relatives
The early Egyptian priests evolved a creation myth, or Cosmogony, to explain how some of the Gods and Goddesses came into being. The early Egyptian priests then evolved a Family tree, the relatives of the main Egyptian Gods, like Geb, to explain how some of the Gods and Goddesses were related.

Temple of Geb
The Temples dedicated to Geb, the God of Life beneath the Earth - Vegetation and the Underworld, were believed to be the dwelling place of this famous Egyptian God. Only the Pharaoh and the Priests of Geb were allowed inside the temple and the priests would undergo ritual purification in a deep stone pool before they entered the Inner Sanctum of the Temple. This not only cleansed them but also gave them contact with the primeval moisture of life. Ordinary Egyptians were only allowed to come to the gates, or forecourt, of the temple of Geb to pay homage and offer gifts to the God / Goddess. The Priests of Geb would collect the gifts and say prayers on behalf of the person in the confines of the temple. The priests of Geb, the God of Life beneath the Earth - Vegetation and the Underworld, would conduct ceremonies, sacrifices and chant magical incantations, sometimes referred to as spells. The temple of Geb would consist of heavy gates which accessed a massive hall with great stone columns, and then a series of many other rooms through which processions of priests would pass. These rooms, or chambers, were lit by candles and incense would be burnt to purify the air of the Temple. The chambers gradually decreased in size, the lighting in the temple was deliberately and significantly reduced to create an atmosphere of deepening mystery until the priests reached the chapel and the shrine which contained the Naos. The Naos was the stone tabernacle inside the shrine which housed the great Statue of Geb, the God of Life beneath the Earth - Vegetation and the Underworld.

The Statue of Geb
The large statue of the God Geb, the God of Life beneath the Earth - Vegetation and the Underworld was situated in the inner sanctum of the Egyptian temple. The statue of Geb would have been depicted with the body of a man / woman and the head of Goose. This sacred statue, in the dwelling place of the God, was the embodiment of Geb. Food and drink would be offered to the God. The High Priest of Geb, would conduct ceremonies and offer prayers and incantations but there was another important priest, called the Medjty, who was responsible for the toiletries. The statue of Geb would have been washed and oiled. The statue was then dressed in fine linen and eye make-up, powder and rouge was applied and sacred oil rubbed on the forehead of the statue. The statue of Geb, with its head of the Goose, was only seen by ordinary Egyptians at important festivals when the effigy was paraded in magnificent processions.

The Egyptian God Geb
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