The Pyramids of Giza
The Golden Age of the pyramids was when the great pyramids at Giza were constructed during the historical period of the Old Kingdom (2686 BC - 2181 BC) to celebrate the Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure. The massive stones used to build the Pyramids of Giza were transported by ships along the Nile and then via man-made canals to the building sites of the Giza pyramids.
The Great Sphinx
The Sphinx is a mysterious stone colossus with the head of a man and the body of a lion. Mysterious passages pierce the great Sphinx and connect it with the Second Pyramid built by the Pharaoh Khafre, which is three hundred feet west of it. There is a chapel located between the out-stretched feet of the sphinx which was uncovered in 1816. A small temple is located behind the great monument which is formed of great blocks of red Syene granite.
Location of Giza
Our Egypt travel guide differentiates between the sites of Upper and Lower Egypt. Ancient Egypt originally consisted of two parts which were called Upper and Lower Egypt. Giza is located in Lower Egypt. Upper Egypt was the valley area in the South and Lower Egypt was the delta area in the North. Upper and Lower Egypt each had their own governments and rulers. These two parts Egypt were eventually united in 3118BC. Plan your Tour of Egypt around the most important and ancient sites of Lower Egypt, including Giza, using our travel guide.
Each section of this Egyptian website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Egypt. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of Egypt, the Ancient Egyptians and of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun, King Tut.