- Visit nearby Saqqara and the famous Step Pyramid - For more information click the following link to Saqqara
Cairo - The Babylon Fort
The earliest known settlement in Cairo was at the Babylon Fort built by the Persians in the 6th century BC. The first records of the city date back to the Roman conquest of Egypt. In 31 BC the Roman Emperor Octavian defeated Antony and Cleopatra in the sea Battle of Actium and in 30 BC Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire which stretched from 30BC to 641 AD. A Roman fort was built on the site of the Babylon fort.
The Egyptian Museum at Cairo
Visit the Egyptian Museum containing the greatest collection of Egyptian antiquities including the treasures from the tomb of Tutankhamun.
Location of Cairo
Our Egypt travel guide differentiates between the sites of Upper and Lower Egypt. Ancient Egypt originally consisted of two parts which were called Upper and Lower Egypt. Cairo is located in Lower Egypt. Upper Egypt was the valley area in the South and Lower Egypt was the delta area in the North. Upper and Lower Egypt each had their own governments and rulers. These two parts Egypt were eventually united in 3118BC. Plan your Tour of Egypt around the most important and ancient sites of Lower Egypt, including Cairo, using our travel guide.
Each section of this Egyptian website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Egypt. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of Egypt, the Ancient Egyptians and of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun, King Tut.