History Embalmed

Abu Simbel

Travel Guide
The Travel Guide to Abu Simbel highlights the most important places to visit in this area of Egypt and its significance to the history of Egypt together with Ancient Egyptian facts and information about Abu Simbel. The location of Abu Simbel is to the south of Aswan on the western bank of the Nile. The ancient Egyptian name for the original site of Abu Simbel was Meha.

Places to Visit and tour in Abu Simbel
The most famous places to visit in, or near, Abu Simbel are as follows:

  • The Rock Temple of Ramses at Abu Simbel
  • Aswan Dam

The Rock Temple of Ramses the Great at Abu Simbel
One of the most famous monuments in Egypt is the Rock Temple of Ramses at Abu Simbel which features the four colossal seated statues of Ramses II (aka Ramses the Great) each of which were cut 69 feet high as the impressive facade to the temple. The four statues depict the Pharaoh Ramses the Great seated on a throne. One of these great statues was damaged from the knees up by an earthquake.

Smaller statues and carvings surround the main four statues of Ramses and depict members of the royal family, including Queen Nefertari, and Ancient Egyptian Gods. Decorations inside the temple depicted his victories over the Syrians and the Libyans. Ramses the great built a total of seven temples at Abu Simbel but the "Temple of Ramesses, beloved of Amun" was the greatest.

The "Temple of Ramesses, beloved of Amun" at Abu Simbel
The full title given to the massive rock temple was "Temple of Ramesses, beloved of Amun". However, the temple celebrates the Pharaoh Ramses the Great and not the god Amum. The Egyptian god Amun was worshipped many miles away at Karnak. Ramses chose the remote site of the temple so that the god would not be offended. He also chose the site for this massive and impressive monument as it would be seen by all travellers and traders bringing goods from Nubia and the Sudan.

Abu Simbel - the Relocation of the great rock temple
The building of the Aswan High Dam which was completed in 1970 would have submerged the great monuments under water. The fabulous rock temples of Abu Simbel were therefore transported 180 metres inland to an artificially built rock which was 64 metres higher than the original. The massive rock temple was cut into pieces weighing 30 tons and reassembled in its new location. For Additional facts and information about this area please click the following link:

Aswan Dam

Location of Abu Simbel
The location of Abu Simbel is to the south of Aswan on the western bank of the Nile. Our Egypt travel guide differentiates between the sites of Upper and Lower Egypt. Ancient Egypt originally consisted of two parts which were called Upper and Lower Egypt. Abu Simbel is located in Upper Egypt. Upper Egypt was the valley area in the South and Lower Egypt was the delta area in the North. Upper and Lower Egypt each had their own governments and rulers. These two parts Egypt were eventually united in 3118BC. Plan your Tour of Egypt around the most important and ancient sites of Upper, including Abu Simbel, using our travel guide.

Abu Simbel
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