Upper Egypt was divided into 22 districts. Lower Egypt was divided into 20 districts. Upper and Lower Egypt were eventually united in 3118BC. The framework of the earlier Ancient Egyptian government were the districts, each of the districts had a nomarch, or governor, who was the chief of the provincial administration. The provinces, or districts, were called nomes and the governor, or head, of the provincial administration was called a nomarch.
Responsibilities & Tasks of the Ancient Egyptian Government
At the height of the New Kingdom the population of Egypt was estimated at about 3 million. To govern this number of people demanded a strong government and a well organised bureaucracy. The tasks of the Ancient Egyptian Government were varied and included exercising control and direction in various area and tasks including:
- Controlling civil order, the police force was called the Medjay
- The army consisting of the commanders and conscripted soldiers
- Building the royal monuments including the organisation of labor and resources
- The legal process with courts, judges and law enforcement including imposing fines, corporal punishment and capital punishment which included burning alive, decapitation, drowning or impalement on the stake
- Controlling the food supply and distribution
- Conducting a census of the population in order to collect taxes
- Levying and collecting taxes
- Managing important industries
- Developing the Archives - All important legal issues were documented including wills, trials, deeds, census lists, conscription lists and inventories
- Recording rainfall and water levels of the Nile - Nilometers were gauges which were set up to measure water levels by government officials. Levels above and below the average indicated catastrophes such as floods or famine. Good years indicated the level of taxes which could be obtained from the farmers
Ancient Egyptian Government
Each section of this Egyptian website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Egypt. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of Egypt, the Ancient Egyptians and of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun, King Tut.