Ancient Egyptian Education - The Scribe Schools
The scribe schools were attended by boys and their age of entry was between 8 and 9 years of age. Schoolboys lived at home and attended schools on a daily basis. The schools were usually attached to government buildings and temples and the teachers were men who were experienced in government such as scribes and temple priests. The school day started education in the morning with a break at midday which was followed by a siesta during the heat of the day after which lessons would continue through the late afternoon.
Ancient Egyptian Education - The Prince's School
The Prince's School was the most respected of all of the schools and gave the very best Ancient Egyptian education. The Prince's School would have educated the sons of the Pharaoh, members of the royal family, nobles and high officials. There was also a scheme which allowed recommendations when young boys who showed great promise were also allowed in the Prince's school. The Vizier had overall control of the Prince's school and therefore the education of the next Pharaoh, nobles and court officials.
Ancient Egyptian Education - The Lessons
The lessons undertaken by the younger schoolboys consisted of basic mathematics and reciting sums. They practised writing by copying from existing documents. The youngest schoolboys would practise writing on wooden tablets which were coated with a smooth white plaster which could be wiped clean. Only older students would be allowed to use papyrus. The students sat Indian style holding his writing board in his lap. Older students were given a good, well rounded education and their lessons included:
- Reading and Writing
- Math - Using a decimal system based on ten fingers
- Arithmetic and geometry
Any misdemeanours were treated seriously and punishments for pupils ranged from beatings to writing out lines and even being placed in the stocks!
Ancient Egyptian Education - The Art of Writing
Ancient Egyptian Education included the Art of Writing. The different styles of writing are detailed as follows and these would have been taught in schools and were an important part of Ancient Egyptian education
- Hieroglyphics were a system of picture writing which used symbols (hieroglyphs) instead of letters or words. Hieroglyphics use a combination of logographic, syllabic, and alphabetic elements. The original hieroglyphs represented sounds and there were over 700 hieroglyphs which could used in numerous combinations to give specific meanings. Hieroglyphics were used for writing memorials on great monuments
- A simplified version of hieroglyphics was devised known as 'hieratic' writing which lost the pictorial aspect of hieroglyphs. The hieratic version of writing was used to create various papyrus documents
- By the Late Period and even more fluent script was used for documents and lists which was called Demotic script
Ancient Egyptian Education - Books of Instruction
The Ancient Egyptian Education included the use of the Books of Instruction which contained rules for living a well ordered life. The Books of Instruction also included elements of morality such as justice, wisdom, obedience, humanity and restraint.
Ancient Egyptian Education
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