During mummification incisions were made into the body and the stomach, liver, lungs and intestines were removed. The organs were stored in special alabaster containers called canopic jars
Mummies were created by covering the body with layers with linen shrouds coated with resin. Linen bandages were used to bind the extremities
Removal of the brain - a hook was inserted into the nostrils and through the nose which punctured the brain. The corpse was turned on its side and the brain fluid drained out of the corpse
70 days following the death of a person an elaborate funeral procession headed towards the tomb of the deceased. The jackal masked impersonator of the god Anubis was a key figure in these death rituals
Opening of the Mouth Ceremony was one of the most important Death Rituals of the Ancient Egyptians. The believed that this ceremony revived the mummified senses of the deceased so that he could eat, drink and speak in the next world.
Death rituals often ended with a feast and a celebration as the deceased had started their journey into the glorious afterlife
The Underworld was a land of great dangers through which every Egyptian would need to pass through after death
The Ancient Egyptians believed that each person was thought to have three souls - the Ka, the Ba and the Akh
A 'guidebook', such as the Book of the Dead, contained spells and instructions to ensure safe passage through the dangers of the Underworld
The Book of the Dead contained nearly 200 different spells which were designed to help with the tests and trials that would be met in the Underworld.
The journey through the Underworld culminated in the day of judgement in the Hall of the Two Truths where the deceased was led to a great set of scales where his heart, containing the deeds of their lifetime, was weighed against the feather of truth. The fate of the deceased would then be decided - either entrance into the perfect afterlife or to be sent to the Devourer of the Dead...
The fate of the deceased would then be decided - either entrance into the perfect afterlife or to be sent to the Devourer of the Dead
The Afterlife was referred to as the Field of Rushes or Field of Offerings
The Pharaoh would join the realms of the gods and all others would enter Everlasting Paradise in the Afterlife.
In the Afterlife the life of the deceased was mirrored but there were no problems there was only happiness. The afterlife was seen as a perfect existence in an ideal version of Egypt
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