One of his roles was as judge of the dead in the afterlife. He was strongly associated with the growth and the decay of vegetation - in the winter Osiris was believed to disappear with the crops into the Underworld. Osiris was one of the Ennead, the collective name given to the nine original deities (Gods and Goddesses) of the cosmogony of Heliopolis (the birthplace of the Gods) in the creation myths and legends. He was the husband of Isis and father of the God Horus. He was also believed to be the father of the God Anubis by his sister Nephthys. Incest was seen as an acceptable element in the lives of the Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, retaining the sacred bloodline.
Description & Depiction of the Egyptian God Osiris - Part Human & Part Animal
Many of the Egyptian Gods or Goddesses were often depicted as being part human and part animal. In the description of the Egyptian God Osiris he was an exception and most frequently depicted wearing a crown together with the other emblems of power such as a crook, flail and beard.
The Egyptian the God Osiris - Creation and Relatives
The early Egyptian priests evolved a creation myth, or Cosmogony, to explain how some of the Gods and Goddesses came into being. The early Egyptian priests then evolved a Family tree, the relatives of the main Egyptian Gods, like Osiris, to explain how some of the Gods and Goddesses were related. According to legend Osiris was murdered by his younger, jealous brother Seth (or Set) who tore apart the corpse and flung the pieces all over Egypt. But the dismembered body of Osiris was reassembled by his wife Isis who brought him back to life for just one day, when their son Horus, was conceived. His body was embalmed by Anubis who therefore made Osiris the first mummy.
Temple of Osiris
The Temples dedicated to Osiris, the God of Death, the Dead & the Underworld, were believed to be a dwelling place of this famous Egyptian God. Only the Pharaoh and the Priests of Osiris were allowed inside the temple and the priests would undergo ritual purification in a deep stone pool before they entered the Inner Sanctum of the Temple. This not only cleansed them but also gave them contact with the primeval moisture of life. Ordinary Egyptians were only allowed to come to the gates, or forecourt, of the temple of Osiris to pay homage and offer gifts to the God / Goddess. The Priests of Osiris would collect the gifts and say prayers on behalf of the person in the confines of the temple. The priests of Osiris, the God of Death, the Dead, the Underworld and Rebirth, would conduct ceremonies, sacrifices and chant magical incantations, sometimes referred to as spells. The temple of Osiris would consist of heavy gates which accessed a massive hall with great stone columns, and then a series of many other rooms through which processions of priests would pass. These rooms, or chambers, were lit by candles and incense would be burnt to purify the air of the Temple. The chambers gradually decreased in size, the lighting in the temple was deliberately and significantly reduced to create an atmosphere of deepening mystery until the priests reached the chapel and the shrine which contained the Naos. The Naos was the stone tabernacle inside the shrine which housed the great Statue of Osiris, the God of Death, the Dead, the Underworld and Rebirth.
The Statue of Osiris
The large statue of the God Osiris, the God of Death, the Dead & the Underworld was situated in the inner sanctum of the Egyptian temple. The statue of Osiris would have been depicted with wearing a crown together with the other emblems of power such as a crook, flail and beard. This sacred statue, in the dwelling place of the God, was the embodiment of Osiris. Food and drink would be offered to the God. The High Priest of Osiris, would conduct ceremonies and offer prayers and incantations but there was another important priest, called the Medjty, who was responsible for the toiletries. The statue of Osiris would have been washed and oiled. The statue was then dressed in fine linen and eye make-up, powder and rouge was applied and sacred oil rubbed on the forehead of the statue. The statue of Osiris, wearing a crown together with the other emblems of power such as a crook, flail and beard, was only seen by ordinary Egyptians at important festivals when the effigy was paraded in magnificent processions.
The Egyptian God Osiris
Each section of addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Pharaohs and the famous Gods and Goddesses of Egypt. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of Egyptian Gods and the Pharaoh Tutankhamun!