Egyptian Gods - The
Family Tree of Gods & Goddesses
The Priests evolved a Family tree of the main Egyptian Gods and
Goddesses to explain
how some of the Gods and Goddesses were related.
Egyptian Gods - The
Creation Myth or Cosmogony
The Priests also evolved a creation
myth, or cosmogny, to explain how some of the Gods and Goddesses came
into being and the the nature and genesis of the universe. A summary of
the creation myth, or cosmology, is that there was darkness and a
primeval ocean called Nun. The Sun God Atum, Ra or Re, the Lord of
Creation rose and spat out the elements of moisture (the Goddess Tefnut)
and air (the God Shu). The twins, Shu and Tefnut gave birth to the Earth
God, Geb, and the Sky Goddess, Nut. The God and Goddess Geb and Nut had
four children: Osiris, Isis, Seth and Nephthys. Incest was seen as an
acceptable element in the lives of the Egyptian Gods and Goddesses,
retaining the sacred bloodline.
Egyptian Sun Gods -
The Ennead of Heliopolis
The Ennead is the collective name given to the nine deities of the
cosmogony of Heliopolis. Heliopolis was also one of the most ancient cities
of Egypt particularly associated with worship of sun-deities and
Heliopolis and was believed to be the birthplace of the company of the
gods, called the Ennead and where creation began. The nine
deities, or gods of the Ennead were:
- Atum - The Sun
Egyptian Gods &
Goddesses - Part Human & Part Animal
The Egyptian Gods and Goddesses were often shown as part human and part animal.
Egyptian Gods and Goddesses were most frequently depicted with the body
of a human with the head of an animal.
Animals - Animal Cults
The Egyptians believed that the Spirit of a God resided in specific
animals leading to various animal cults in which these animals would be
revered and worshipped as reincarnated Gods during their lifetimes.
Examples of these are as follows:
- The God Anubis:
worshipped as a Jackal or Dog
- The Goddess
Bastet or Bast: worshipped as a Cat
- The God Horus:
worshipped as a Hawk or Falcon
Egyptian Gods and Goddesses
Each section of the Egyptian Gods and Goddesses addresses all topics and provides
interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Pharaohs and
of Egypt. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information
and facts provided about the fascinating subject of life in Egypt.