The Travel Guide to Alexandria highlights the most important places to visit in this area of Egypt and its significance to the history of Egypt together with Ancient Egyptian facts and information about Alexandria. The city of Alexandria is the chief seaport to the Mediterranean Sea and the second largest city in Egypt.
The History of Alexandria
In 332BC the Greek hero Alexander the Great conquered and occupied Egypt. His general, Ptolemy, became king Ptolemy I Soter (305 BC-282 BC) and established the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt.
During this time the city of Alexandria was founded which became famous for the Great Library and the great Lighthouse of Pharos in Alexandria which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The site of the Pharos Lighthouse is covered by the Islamic Fort of Kait Bey which was built on, and from, some the ruins of the collapsed lighthouse. The lasting remains of the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the last of the Seven Wonders of the World, lie underwater near the entrance to Alexandria’s Eastern Harbour.