History Embalmed

Abydos

Travel Guide
The Travel Guide to Abydos highlights the most important places to visit in this area of Egypt and its significance to the history of Egypt together with Ancient Egyptian facts and information about Abydos.

Places to Visit and tour in Abydos
The most famous places to visit in Abydos are as follows:

  • Site of a great Ancient Egyptian site were temples were built from the 1st Egyptian dynasty to the 30th dynasty
  • The Great Temple of Abydos celebrating the life of the Pharaoh Seti I
  • The Table of Abydos

Abydos
Abydos was the site of an Ancient Egyptian city and temple complex inhabited by the Ancient Egyptians for thousands of years. A sacred center of worship notably to the the gods Anubis and Osiris with other shrines dedicated to Isis, Horus, Amon Ra and Ptah. Temples, shrines, tombs and cenotaphs were successively built here by many famous Pharaohs including:

  • Menes of the 1st Egyptian Dynasty
  • Khufu aka Cheops 2589 - 2566BC of the 4th Dynasty

  • Pepi I aka Pepy I 2332 - 2283BC of the 6th Dynasty
  • Mentuhotep I of the 11th Dynasty
  • Senusret I 1971 BC 1926 BC of the 12th Dynasty
  • Ahmose I 1550 -1525BC of the 18th Dynasty
  • Ahmose II 570 BC - 526 BC of the 26th Dynasty
  • Thutmose III 1479 -1425 of the 18th Dynasty
  • Seti I 1290 BC 1279 BC of the 19th Dynasty
  • Ramses II, the Great, 1279 BC 1213 BC of the 19th Dynasty
  • Ramses III 1182 BC 1151 BC of the 20th Dynasty

The Great Temple of Abydos, of Seti I and the Osirion (aka Osireion)
The most famous and impressive of the temples at Abydos is the Great Temple of Abydos, of Seti I. Pharoah Seti I started the construction of this temple and it was completed during the reign of his son, Ramses the Great. The Great Temple of Abydos is made of limestone, L-shaped and originally 550 feet wide. The Great Temples contains pylons, halls and chapels and the famous Osirion. The Osirion is a tomb, or shrine to the Ancient Egyptian god Osiris. The Osirion is located behind and below the Great Temple of Seti I at Abydos. The archaeologists Flinders Petrie and Margaret Murray discovered the Osirion by accident while excavating Seti's Great Temple of Abydos. Professor Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (3 June 1853 28 July 1942), known as Flinders Petrie and Margaret Murray July 13, 1863- November 13, 1963 were English Egyptologists. 

The Table of Abydos
The Table of Abydos is viewed by many as of equal importance as the Rosetta Stone is to Egyptian archaeology. The Table of Abydos contains a rare chronological list of cartouche names of most the Ancient dynastic pharaohs providing details and dates of the Ancient Egyptian pharaohs and their dynasties.  It is interesting to note that the names of some notable Pharaohs were excluded including the heretic King Akhenaten (1351 -1337) and his son Tutankhamun and the female Pharaoh Hatshepsut. These Pharaoh were so hated and despised that attempts were made by the Ancient Egyptians to erase the names of these Pharaohs, and their very existence, from history. The Table of Abydos is located in one of the tunnels found in the Great Temple of Abydos, of Seti I.

Location of Abydos
Our Egypt travel guide differentiates between the sites of Upper and Lower Egypt. Ancient Egypt originally consisted of two parts which were called Upper and Lower Egypt. Abydos is located in Upper Egypt.  Upper Egypt was the valley area in the South and Lower Egypt was the delta area in the North. Upper and Lower Egypt each had their own governments and rulers. These two parts Egypt were eventually united in 3118BC. Plan your Tour of Egypt around the most important and ancient sites of Upper, including Abydos, using our travel guide. Abydos is located on the west bank of the Nile, 90 miles (145 km) north of Luxor.

Abydos
Each section of this Egyptian website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Egypt. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of Egypt, the Ancient Egyptians and of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun, King Tut.

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