Howard Carter Timeline
May 9, 1874 Howard Carter was born in Kensington, London, England. He was the son of Samuel Carter who was an artist and is mother was Martha Joyce (Sands) Carter Howard Carter was the youngest, but sickly, son of eleven children
1874 - 1891
Due to poor health Howard moved from London to Norfolk. Howard Carter spent his early years in Swaffham, Norfolk, England. His father undertook some work for William Amherst.
William Amherst arranged an interview for Howard Carter with Mr P F Newberry who had been working on a site at Beni Hasan. Carter was appointed as a trainee tracer
Howard Carter travelled to Egypt with Mr Percy Newberry as a junior artist with the Egypt Exploration Fund working on the excavation of Beni Hasan and and El-Bersheh.
Carter was appointed Principle Artist to the Egyptian Exploration Fund for the excavations of Deir el Babri, the burial place of Queen Hatshepsut and during this time he worked with the famous Egyptologist Flinders Petrie.
He then joined Prof. Naville at Deir el-Bahri where he spent six years drawing in the famous temple
Howard Carter was hired by Gaston Maspero, Director-General of the Department of Antiquities at Egypt's Antiquities Service as Inspector General of Monuments for Upper Egypt
Howard Carter resigned from Egypt's Antiquities Service due to various disputes
1905 - 1907
He worked at Thebes and Edfu and installed electric light at Abu Simbel. He then worked for Theodore Davis in the Valley of the Kings. Their discoveries included the tombs of Thutmose I and Thutmose III
Howard Carter was introduced to Lord Carnarvon, an amateur archaeologist, by Gaston Maspero and started excavations at Thebes
Carter and Carnarvon decided to extend their digging at Thebes to include sites in the Delta
Carter and Carnarvon receive a licence to dig in the Valley of the Kings from the Egyptian Antiquities Service
Outbreak of World War I which prevented immediate excavations
Howard Carter convinces Lord Carnarvon to finance his search for the tomb of Tutankhamun
1917 - 1922
Howard Carter digs in the Valley of the Kings but is unable to find the tomb
Howard visited Highclere Castle. Carter was given just one more season of funding by Lord Carnarvon to find the tomb
4 November 1922: Carter finds the steps leading to Tutankhamun's tomb
5 November 1922: Carter cables Lord Carnarvon and asks him to come to Egypt
26 November 1922: Carter makes the famous "tiny breach in the top left hand corner" of the tomb doorway accompanied by Lord Carnarvon and his daughter Lady Evelyn Herbert.
27 November 1922: Carter, Carnarvon and Lady Evelyn Herbert explore the Antechamber and Annexe. They find a sealed door to another chamber
December: The press go into a frenzy about the discovery of the tomb, disturbing the work being conducted at the tomb.
9 January 1923: Lord Carnarvon then strikes an exclusive deal with The Times newspaper. Carnarvon had signed a 5,000 pound contract with the London Times, plus 75 percent of all profits from the sale of Times articles to the rest of the world. Other journalists are furious about the deal, especially Arthur Weigall a correspondent from The Daily Mail.
16 February 1923: Howard Carter opens the sealed doorway leading to the burial chamber and the sarcophagus of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun
17 February 1923: The Burial Chamber is officially opened. Under the terms of Lord Carnarvon's agreement with the Egyptian Director-General of Antiquities, if the site contains an intact Pharaoh's tomb its contents have to revert back to the Egyptian Government but Carter and Lord Carnarvon are allowed to continue with excavation.
February / March: Howard Carter, argues with key members of the excavation team and some are sacked. He then argues with Lord Carnarvon regarding his attitude and his 'friendship' with Lady Evelyn.
Egyptian nationalists demand that the treasures of the tomb are sold to pay off Egypt’s national debt. Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon again quarrel about their individual rights of disposal of the treasures. Lord Carnarvon wanted to keep all rights. Carter wanted the contents of the tomb to be kept intact in the Cairo Museum although insisted that Lord Carnarvon should be generously compensated by the Egyptian government.
5 April 1923: Lord Carnarvon dies in Cairo of septicaemia after nicking a mosquito bite with his cut-throat razor. Howard is devastated at the loss of his friend and sponsor. The rights to the contents of the Tomb of Tutankhamun are passed from Lord Carnarvon to his widow
The press frenzy escalates with tales of the Curse of King Tut. The Curse of the Pharaohs idea was fuelled by a novelist named Marie Corelli. Then Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes, announces that Lord Carnarvon's death had been the result of a "Pharaoh's curse".
1923: Howard Carter publishes the first of his three-volume account of the discovery
12 February 1924: Women are banned from entering the tomb which leads to diplomatic problems with Great Britain and America. Carter writes pamphlet to document interference by authorities and leaves the excavation and locks the tomb. Pierre Lacau, the French Director of Antiquities, demands the keys and Carter refuses to give them up
20 February : Pierre Lacau, the French Director of Antiquities, is authorized by the Egyptian Cabinet to reopen the tomb and resume work. Howard Carter refuses its offer to continue his work under Egyptian control. Work on the excavations come to a halt
Carter visited the United States giving a series of illustrated lectures in New York City
January: The Ministry of Public Works in Egypt and the widow of Lord Carnarvon come to an agreement and she renounces her claims on Tutankhamun’s tomb. Carter then agrees to resume work at the tomb of King Tut
25 January 1925: The tomb was officially reopened with Carter once more in charge
The inner coffin is opened revealing the mummy of Tutankhamun
Conservation work on the King Tut treasures are completed and sent to the Cairo Museum and Howard Carter returned home to England
2 March 1939: Death of Howard Carter in London - of natural causes at the age of 65. He is buried in Putney Vale Cemetery, London
Howard Carter Timeline
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