The Ancient Egyptians wore very light clothing made of linen. The most wealthy Egyptians and members of the royal family wore the finest linen. This linen was frequently washed and for a radiant finish the clothing was bleached and starched. The linen clothes of the richest women was so fine that it was transparent. The jewelry provided the vibrant color to the fashionable Egyptians. The Ancient Egyptians wore many different types of jewelry, many items were light and delicate. But the pectoral form of jewelry was a large, heavy and elaborate piece of jewelry worn on the chest which often took the shapes of falcons and scarabs.
Pectorals of gold inlaid with precious stones were owned by both royal Egyptian men and women which were created using the cloisonne technique where the outlines of figures and symbols were connected with gold wires that were then soldered to fine sheets of beaten gold and later inlaid with precious stones or faience.
Egyptian Women - Clothing and Jewelry
The purpose of these unusually large pieces of jewelry might seem somewhat obscure. In order to form a correct judgment, we have, however, to remember in what fashion the women of ancient Egypt were clad.