History Embalmed

Egyptian Temples

Ancient Egyptian Temples were believed to be the dwelling places of the Egyptian Gods. Only the Pharaoh and the Priests were allowed inside the temples and the priests would undergo ritual purification in a deep stone pool before they entered the Inner Sanctum of the Temples. This not only cleansed them but also gave them contact with the primeval moisture of life. Ordinary Egyptians were only allowed to come to the gates, or forecourt, of the temples to pay homage and offer gifts to the Gods. The Priests would collect the gifts and say prayers on behalf of the person in the confines of the temples.

The priests would conduct ceremonies, sacrifices and chant magical incantations, sometimes referred to as spells. The temples would consist of heavy gates which accessed a massive hall with great stone columns, and then a series of many other rooms through which processions of priests would pass. These rooms, or chambers, were lit by candles and incense would be burnt to purify the air of the Temples. The chambers gradually decreased in size, the lighting in the temples was deliberately and significantly reduced to create an atmosphere of deepening mystery until the priests reached the chapel and the shrine which contained the Naos. The Naos was the stone tabernacle inside the shrine which housed a great statue to the god to whom the temple was dedicated.

Famous Ancient Egyptian Temples
The most famous Ancient Egyptian Temples include the following:

  • Luxor - The Temple of Luxor built by Amenhotep III and Ramses II dedicated to the gods Amun Ra and Horus
  • West bank of Luxor - the temple at Deir el Bahari - The mortuary temple of Hatshepsut was built by the Great Steward of Amun who was called Sennemut dedicated to the god Amun
  • Karnak - The most famous temple at Karnak is the Temple of Amun. Originally the temples at Karnak and Luxor were connected with a two-mile avenue of sphinxes
  • Abu Simbel - The most famous temples at Abu Simbel are the Temples of Ramses and Nefertiti
  • Agilika Island - Temples of Philae built by the Ptolemaic pharaohs
    Edfu - The Temple of Horus built by the Ptolemaic pharaohs and dedicated to the god Horus
  • Kom-Ombo - The Temple of Kom-Ombo built by Ptolemy VI dedicated to the god Sobek

List of Famous Ancient Egyptian Temples
The following list of Ancient Egyptian Temples contains details of the temple, the Pharaoh builders and the gods who were worshipped at them.

Location of Temple
 Name of Temple
 Pharaoh Builder
 Egyptian God
Abu Simbel, Nubia
 Temple of Ramses, beloved of Amun
 Pharaoh Ramses II
 Amon Ra ( aka Amun)
Abu Simbel, Nubia
 The Temple of Nefertari dedicated to the goddess
Hathor
 Pharaoh Ramses II built this temple in honor of his wife Nefertiti
 Hathor
Amarna, the city of Akhenaten
 Great Aten Temple at Amarna ( destroyed after the death of the Akhenaten, the heretic )
 Pharaoh Akhenaten
 Aten
Siwa
 Temple of the Oracle
 Pharaoh Ahmose II
 Amun
Bahariya Oasis
 Temple of Alexander the Great
 Alexander the Great
 Amun and Horus
Bahariya Oasis
 Temple of Bes
 Unknown
 Bes
Nubia
 Temple of Amada
 Pharaoh Tuthmosis III
 Amun-Ra
Nubia
 Temple of Thoth (Dakka)
 Akamani
 Thoth
Nubia
 House of Ptah
 Ramesses II
 Ptah
South of the High Aswan Dam in ancient Nubia
 Temple of Wadi al-Sabua aka House of Amun
 Ramesses II
 Amun
Luxor
 Temple of Luxor
 Amenhotep III and Ramses II
 Amun Ra, Horus
Thebes, West bank of Luxor
 Mortuary Temple of Amenhotep III
 Amenhotep III
 Amun, Ptah and Osiris
Thebes, West bank of Luxor - the temple at Deir el Bahari
 Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut
 Queen Hatshepsut
 Amun
West bank of Luxor
 Mortuary Temple of Mentuhotep II
 Pharaoh Mentuhotep II
 Hathor
West bank of Luxor
 The Ramessuem
 Pharaoh Ramses II
 Amun
West bank of Luxor
 The Temple of Millions of Years
 Pharaoh Seti I
 Amun Ra
Luxor
 Mortuary Temple of Merenptah
 Pharaoh Merenptah
 Amun
Dendera, north of Luxor
 Temple of Hathor
 Pepi
 Hathor
Karnak
 Temples of Mut, Montu and Amun
 See below
  
Karnak
 Great Temple of Amun
 Several Pharaohs incl. Ramses II and Seti
 Amun
Karnak
 Temple of Montu
 Tutmosis I
 Amun, Osiris
Karnak
 Temple of Mut
 Amenhotep III and others
 Moon Goddess Mut
Kharga Oasis, Al Wadi Al Gadeed
 Temple of Al-Ghuwaytah
 Ptolemy III, IV and X
 Amun, Mut and Khonsu
Dakhla Oasis
 Deir al-Hagar Temple
 Roman Emperor Nero
 Amun, Mut and Khonsu and Seth
Kharga Oasis
 Temple of Hibis
 Darius I & Apries (Haaibre)
 Amun, Mut and Khonsu
Edfu
 Temple of Horus
 Ptolemaic pharaohs
 Horus
Kom-Ombo, north of Aswan
 Temple of Kom-Ombo
 Ptolemy VI
 Sobek
Esna
 Temple of Khnum
 Tuthmosis III
 Khnum
Tanis (San El-Hagar)
 Complex of Temples
 Several Pharaohs
 Amun, Mut and Khonsu
Abydos
 Temple of Osiris
 Ramesses II
 Osiris
Abydos
 Temple of Seti I
 Seti I
 Osiris, Isis & Ptah
Agilika Island
 Temples of Philae
 Ptolemaic pharaohs
 Isis, Osiris & Horus
Medinet Habu
 Temple of Ramesses III
 Ramesses III
 Amun

Egyptian Temples
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