Ancient Egyptian Timeline
5550 BC - 3050 BC was the Predynastic Period.
3050 BC - 2686 BC - Early Dynastic Period
The Old Kingdom "the Age of the Pyramids." was established 2686 BC - 2181 BC
The 3rd Dynasty - The first Egyptian pyramid is built by Imhotep - the Step Pyramid at Saqqara for King Djoser who was one of the kings of the 3rd Dynasty
The 4th dynasty - The Great Pyramids of Egypt were built at Giza and revered as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The 5th dynasty - Egyptian religion made several important changes and cult of the god Ra gained in importance
The 6th dynasty - The 6th Dynasty was founded by Teti
2181 BC - 2040 BC - First Intermediate Period
2040 BC - 1782 BC the Middle Kingdom
1782 BC - 1570 BC the Second Intermediate Period
1570 BC - 1070 BC the New Kingdom
1070 BC - 525 BC the Third Intermediate Period
672BC - 332 BC the Late Period
332 BC - 641 AD the Greco-Roman Period
Alexander the Great conquers Egypt. Alexander the Great occupies Egypt and his general, Ptolemy, becomes king and founds a dynasty. The city of Alexandria was founded and became famous for the Great Library and the great Lighthouse of Alexandria which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The Rosetta Stone is carved
51-30 BC - Cleopatra VII reigns and became the mistress of Julius Caesar and gave birth to his son, Octavian.
37 BC Queen Cleopatra marries Mark Antony
31 BC Octavian defeated Antony and Cleopatra in the sea Battle of Actium
The Roman Period
Theodosius ordered the adherence to Christianity
The Roman empire split into West and East and Egypt became part of the Byzantine Empire
642 AD The Arabs captured Alexandria and Egypt became a part of the Islamic Empire
868 - 969 The Tulunid and the Ikhshidid dynasty rule Egypt
Fatimid rulers seized Egypt and founded the Egyptian city Al-Qahirah (modern day Cairo)